Prof. Dr. Chia-Feng Chang

Bild von Chia-Feng Chang

Internationales Kolleg für Geisteswissenschaftliche Forschung "Schicksal, Freiheit und Prognose. Bewältigungsstrategien in Ostasien und Europa"
Hartmannstr. 14
91052 Erlangen

Professor, Department of History, National Taiwan University

Home Institution: Department of History, National Taiwan University

IKGF Visiting Fellow January 2014 - January 2015

(Last change of profile by end of stay)

IKGF Research Project:

Physiognomy of Children in Medical Literature from Jin to Song China (265-1279)

Curriculum Vitae

Chia-Feng Chang is Professor of History at the National Taiwan University. After graduating from the Soochow University, she studied the history of tianwen 天文 (astronomy and astrology), and the relationship between tianwen and politics in early China at Tsing Hua University, Taiwan. At that time, she was also interested in the great fear of smallpox among the Manchus, and the influence of smallpox on Manchu culture, politics, military and diplomatic affairs during the 16th and 18th centuries. She later focused on the history of disease and medicine in pre-modern China, and was awarded a Ph.D. by the School of Oriental and African Studies, London University. Her recent research explores the history of pediatrics in medieval China, and the health, body feeling and disease narratives of intellectuals in Ming-Qing China.

Chia-Feng Chang’s research project at IKGF examines the art of physiognomy of children in the medical literature from the Jin to Song periods (265-1279). Physiognomy was not only used as a diagnostic tool for enhancing the accuracy of diagnosis, but also to compete with other healers in the open market. By delving into its technique, doctrines, and practices, we can obtain a better understanding of the close relationship between shushu 數術and medicine, and of the characteristics of pediatrics, the medical culture, and the collective social expectations of children in medieval China.

Selected Publications

Books and Editions

  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2010, Excellent Prescriptions: An Introduction of the Collection of Medical and Pharmacological Literatures in the National Library, Taipei: The National Library.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2009, The Heaven’s Secretary and Omen: An Introduction of Ancient Chinese Rare Books of Astronomy and Astrology, Taipei: The National Library.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 1996, Aspects of Smallpox and Its Significance in Chinese History, PhD dissertation, SOAS.


  • Chia-Feng Chang, 1995, “Strategies of Dealing with Smallpox in the Qing Imperial Family”, in (eds) Hashimoto Keizo, Catherine Jami & Lowell Skar, East Asian Science: Tradition and Beyond (Osaka: Kansai University Press), pp. 199-205.


  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2013, “Growing up: The Definition of Children and the Significance of Age in Pediatric Literatures from the Jin to the Song Dynasty”, in Chu Ping-Yi ed. The Proceeding on the Fourth International Conference on Siniology: Hygiene and Health, Taipei: Academia Sinica.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2013, “Ai Shen Nian Zhong: Zhegong Manlu zhong wenren zhi Ji yu Yang” (Sensitivity on the Body and Health: Experience of Body Feeling, Disease, and Medicine in the Zhegong Manlu (Random Notes on Broken Limb, 1635)”, Historical Inquiry, 51, pp. 1-60.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2013, “Huangdi Buneng Cha Chi Youxiao: Song Qing Zhijian Xiaoer Yi de Ziwuo Rentong yu Shehui Dingwei (Even the Yellow Lord cannot Treat Children: Pediatricians’ Self-identity and Social Positioning from the Song to Qing China)”, Xinshixue (New Histroy), 24:1, pp. 1-58.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2013, “Variolation”, in TJ Hinrichs & Linda L. Barnes (eds), Chinese medicine and Healing: A Illustrated History, Cambridge, London: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, pp. 157-158.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2012, “Sui Tang Yiji zhong de Xiaoer Bingyin Guan Shitan (Conceptions of Childhood Disease in Medical Literatures during the Sui and Tang Dynasties (581-907)”, Taida Wenshizhe Xuebao (Humanitas Taiwanica), pp. 199-236.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2010, “Tianshi hengxiang: Yin Zhou zhi Han chu tianwen zhangbu tixi de fazhang yu yanbian (The Heaven Always Reflects: The Development and Change of Astronomy from the Yin to Early Han Dynasties)”, in Ping-Yi Chu (ed), Chong keji kan Zhongguo shi (Looking into the Chinese History form Technology Perspective), Taipei: Lianjing Publishing Ltd., pp. 85-124.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2008, “Bianhua de shengti: Jin Tang zhijian de xiaoer bianzheng lilun (The Changing Body: The Pediatric Theory of bianzheng (changing and steaming) in the Jin-Tang Period (265-907))”, in Jiang-Min Li (ed), Chong yiliao ken zhongguo shi (Looking into the Chinese History from Medical Perspective), Taipei & Shanghai: Lianjing Publishing Ltd., pp. 77-109.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, “Das Konzept der “Lebenspforte” (mingmen) Während der Jin-, Yuan- und Ming- Zeit”, Chinesische Medizin (2008), Nr. 2, pp. 95-106.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2007, “Die Entwicklung der Vorstellung von der Lebenspforte (mingmen) während der Jin (1115-1234), Yuan (1271-1368) und Ming (1368-1644) Zeit”, Zeitschrift für Qigong Yangsheng (2007), pp. 131-139.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2007, “The Localization of Cowpox Vaccination in the Early Nineteenth-Century China”, Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica, Vol: 78.4, pp. 755-812.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2007, “History of the Science, Technology and Medicine in China”, in Ming-Shi Gao (ed.), 2007, The Cultural History of China, Taipei: Wunan Publishing Ltd., pp. 225-274.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2007, “Book review on A Chinese Physician: Wang Ji and the ‘Stone Mountain Medical Case Histories’ ”, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, 62. 3 (2007), pp. 361-363.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2006, “Book Review on Liuchao Suitang Yixue zhi changcheng yu zhenghe (A Study of Medicine in China: Its Legacies, Inheritance and Integration during the Medieval Period), Journal of Chinese Studies (The Chinese University of Hong Kong), vol: 46, pp. 479-482.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2005, “Even a Virtuous Hero Would Fall Short: The Development of Pediatrics and Its Status during the Jin-Tang Period (265-907)”, Xinshixue (New History), 16.2 (2005), pp. 1-46.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2005, “The Characteristics and New Trend on the Research of Cheng Ho (Zheng He) in Recent Hundred Years), Zheng He Yangjiu yu huodong jianxun (Newsletter on Cheng Ho), vol: 24, pp. 29-31.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2004, Lishi, yiliao yu shehui (History, Healing Art and Society), Taipei: National Taiwan University Press.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2004, “Zhongxi yixue de jiechu yu zhongxi jiehe yixue de fazhang (The Confrontation and Interrelationship between the Traditional Chinese Medicine and the Western Medicine, and the Recent Development of the Chinese-Western Medicine)”, in Zhi-Ping Xu (ed.), keji yu renwen de duehua chubian (The Dialogue between Science and Humanities), Taipei:, pp. 147-162.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2002, “Disease and Its Impact on Politics, Diplomacy and the Military: The Case of Smallpox and the Manchus (1613-1795)”, Journal of the History of Social Medicine and Allied Sciences, Vol.: 57. 2, pp. 177-197.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2002, “Han Tang shiqi de tianwen jigou yu huodong, tianwen zhishi de chuancheng yu jianhe (Astronomical Bureau, Daily Activities, Transmission of Astronomical Knowledge, and Qualifications During the Han and the Tang Dynasties)”, Sinologie Française 6, pp. 104-117.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2001, “The Conceptions of Contagion in Chinese Medicine: A Case from the Zhubing Yuanhou Lun (The Origins and Symptoms of Disorders, 610 AD)”, Historical Inquiry (Taida Lishi Xuebao), No. 27, pp. 38-82.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2001, “L’ufficio astronomico”, in Sandro Petruccioli (ed), Storia della Scienza (Roma: Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana), 10 v., 2001-, v. II, pagg. 155-158.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 2000, “Dispersing the Fetal Toxin out the Body: Smallpox Aetiology in Pre-modern China”, in Lawrence Conrad & Dominik Wujastyk (eds), Contagion: Perspectives from Pre-modern Societies (Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Limited), pp. 23-38.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 1998, “Shenghua Zhi Yuan Yu Liming Zhi Men: Jin Yuan Ming Yixue Zhong De Mingmen Shitan” (The Gate of Life: The Conceptions of Mingmen in Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Jin, Yuan, and Ming Periods), Xinshixue (New History), Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 1-48.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 1996, “Qingchu De Bidou Yu Chadou Zhidu” (The Quarantine and Investigation Systems for Smallpox in the Early Qing Dynasty), Hanxue Yanjiu (Chinese Studies), Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 135-156.
  • Chia-Feng Chang, 1996, “Qing Kangxi Huangdi Caiyong Rendoufa De Yuanyin Yu Shijian Shitan” (The Reasons and Time Frame of Adopting Variolation in the Kangxi Period (1662-1722)), Zhonghua Yishi Zazhi (Chinese Journal of Medical History), Vol. 26, No.1, pp. 30-32.
  • Chia-Feng Chang & Yi-Long Huang, 1990, “ Zhongguo Gudai Tianwen Dui Zhengzhi De Yingxian: Yi Han Xiang Zhai Fangjin (Chai Fangchin) Zisha Weili” (Politics Under the Influence of Astronomy in Ancient China: A Case Study on the Suicide of the Han Prime Minister Chai Fangchin”, Tsing Hua Journal of Chinese Studies, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 361-378.